Some important tips on how to act in a disaster !
Work? School? Home? Traveling?
Will you know What to do and where to go?
3 STEPS TO SAFETY
1. Finding Out What Could Happen in Your Area.
- Contact the organizations that are listed at the front of this booklet. They can give you the phone numbers to your local chapter who can tell you what disasters could happen in your area.
- Find out what your community’s warning signals are, what they sound like and what you should do when you hear
- Learn about the disaster plans at work, school, daycare and other places where your family spends
- If you have animals, find out about animal care. They may not be allowed in some places during and after a
- Find out how to help the elderly and
2. Create a Disaster Plan for your family.
- Meet with your family and discuss what types of disasters could happen in your area and what to do. (Page 25)
- Discuss the steps of evacuation. (Page 22)
- Choose 2 places to meet family members:
- Outside your house, if members are
- Outside your neighborhood, in case you can’t get to your home. (City park, church, school playground, )
- Ask an out-of-state family member or friend to be your family’s “Contact Person”. After a disaster, communications can be difficult. Many times it is easier to get through to your contact person out of state than to make a local call. If your family members become separated in a disaster, have them call this person and let them know where they are and if all is well with
3. Practice and Maintain your plan
- Conduct fire and emergency evacuation
- Quiz your family every six months so they don’t
- Test and recharge fire
- Check/rotate food & water in your evacuation-kit every 6
- Test smoke detectors monthly. Change batteries every 6
- Remember to always remain calm. Panic causes
CONTROLLING YOUR Utility ELECTRICAL • GAS • WATER
Before any Emergency Know How to Shut off the Utilities:
- Locate the following:
- Electric Fuse Box and the Electrical (The fuse box is usually located inside the house. The Electrical Meter is usually outside.)
- Gas Main (Outside where the gas line enters the house.
- Water Main (usually 2 places - one inside the house and the other outside where the city can read )
- Teach family members how to safely shut off
- Proper sequence to shut off
- Attach a wrench to the gas meter so that you will not need to look for one during an
- Have the proper tool attached near the water main to turn it
- Proper sequence to shut off
After an Emergency
- Turn off utilities if you suspect the lines are
- Turn off electricity from the safest point. Beware of Wires and water don’t mix.
- If you smell or hear gas, shut off the gas main immediately and open windows. Contact the gas company before turning the gas back
- Turn the water main off only if a line is
- Shut off utilities if instructed to do so or if you are in doubt and have concerns that you are in
IMPORTANT! ELECTRICITY - Stay out of the water and don’t touch any bare wires until electricity is turned off. This could electrocute you.
PREPARING SOME NECESSITIES FOR QUICK ACTION
3 DAY EVACUATION KIT
When an emergency strikes you may be forced to leave your home and have only enough time to grab the family and your evacuation-kit. There is a good
chance that you may not be able to return for a few days and that outside help may not be available for days.
- Your evacuation-kit should contain the necessary items to sustain life for the first critical hours/days following a
- When assembling a kit remember to make it:
- Portable so that a woman or child could carry
- Easy to
- Include the following essentials -
MREs for 3 days Instant Cereal
Instant Hot Chocolate Food Bars
Tube Tent Rain Poncho Space Blanket Wool Blanket Sleeping Bags
Water Purification Tablets
First Aid Kit
Sanitation: Toilet Paper Soap/Shampoo Toothbrush/Paste
Personal Hygiene Items
Pocket Hand Warmers Matches/Candles Propane Stove
Fire Starter Kit Flashlight Gloves
Extra set of Car Keys Credit Cards and Case List of Family
Physicians Special Items for
Infants, Elderly or Disabled Family Members
1 Gallon of Water per person per day
Communications: Battery Powered Radio
Store these items in a sturdy, easy to carry backpack or duffel bag. Larger families may need several packs. Be sure it is accessible in the event of an emergency or evacuation.
How to Make a First Aid Kit:
- When assembling your First Aid Kit, take into consideration the following:
- Specific health needs of family
- Include the necessary medications and equipment for them.
- Items that your family is familiar with and knows how to use
- Discuss with your family doctor your special needs. He can inform you of the specific medications/prescriptions you need and explain how to use, store and rotate
- The following is a list of BASIC MEDICAL SUPPLIES recommended for a kit. Upgrade it as you increase your training:
First Aid Manual
- Sterile Adhesive Bandages Sterile Gauze Pads Hypoallergenic Adhesive Tape Triangular Bandages
- Roller Bandages - 2 & 3 inches Scissors
- Tweezers Needle Thermometer Tongue Blades
- Assorted Sizes of Safety Pins Latex Gloves
- Antiseptic Soap Rubbing Alcohol Cotton
- Disposable Diapers
- Insect Repellent Moistened Towelettes Antiseptic-Cream Neosporin
- Petroleum Jelly Aspirin or
- Non-Aspirin Pain Reliever Laxatives
- Anti-Diarrhea Medication Syrup of Ipecac -
- To induce vomiting if advised by Poison Control
- Sterile Adhesive Bandages in Assorted Sizes
- Special Medications for Family